Temperatures are going to drop over the weekend eventually falling to very dangerously low temperatures. Experts want you to make sure you are dressed properly if you're going to be out in the below zero elements.
We spoke with Avera Pediatrician Dr. Samuel Schimelpfenig. He says we all need to be paying attention to the temperature. He says when it gets close to, or below zero we need take make sure we are wearing plenty of layers. "Kids lose a lot of body heat through their heads proportionally for their body size so hats are good. Make sure they have good thick gloves on with no holes in them where air can get trapped up against the skin," Dr. Schimelpfenig said.
Dr. Schimelpfenig also says we need to keep an eye on kids especially if they are going to be playing outside. He says in below zero weather, if you touch cold metal, your skin can start to freeze pretty quickly, even within minutes.
Dr. Schimelpfenig also says parents need to be careful when placing their children in car seats this time of year. "One mistake parents can make is to bundle kids up and then put them in the car seat. The problem is now there are a bunch of layers between the baby and the straps. I recommend a layer or two for them and then put them in the car seat. After that bundle them up with blankets so the layers are on top of the straps instead of underneath," Dr. Schimelpfenig said.
Meteorologist Shawn Cable says in many places the actual temperature will be well below zero Sunday, Monday, and Tuesday. If that wasn't cold enough we will also have some wind chill to worry about as well. Wind chill makes us feel colder and it's based on the rate of heat loss from exposed skin caused by wind and cold. As the wind increases it draws heat from our body, driving our skin temperature down, making it feel much colder. At the temperatures we are going to be dealing with over the next few days exposed skin can freeze well within 30 minutes.
In these extreme temperatures you will want to take precaution. The National Weather Service says frostbite is when your body tissue freezes. Experts say it's easiest to get frostbite on your extremities, your fingers, toes, ear lobes, and the tip of your nose. If you start to lose feeling in those areas or if they start to turn very pale or white you need to get inside and possibly get to a doctor. Also keep in mind effected areas need to be very slowly re-warmed.
The National Weather Service says the best way to avoid hypothermia and frostbite is to stay warm and dry indoors. Obviously especially during the workweek that isn't possible for all of us. Experts say if you need to go outside there are several steps you should take to make sure you are safe. Experts say you should wear several layers of loose-fitting, lightweight, warm clothing. Your top layer should be water repellent and hooded. You'll want to make sure you wear a hat, because half of your body heat can be lost from your head. The National Weather Service says mittens, snug at the wrist, are better than gloves and you should try to stay dry and out of the wind.
Sunday and early next week probably won't be the best time to do a lot of hard work outside. Experts say your heart is already working overtime in cold weather. If you combine the strain from the cold with some kind of hard labor outdoors you can put too much strain on your heart. Also sweating from overexertion could lead to a chill and hypothermia. That's why experts say you really need to try to take it easy outdoors in these extreme temperatures.
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